Yewál sqwá:l
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Kwéleches
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Kwéleches 2
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Ta' sqwálewel
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Xwe'it te swayel
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Seswáyel
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Tel sewólwem lálem
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Ye th'ó:kws se'wíwes
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Kw'ókw'exwels Tewátes
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ewó:lom léts'e
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S'íwes 1: Kwéleches
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S'íwes 2: Skw'elxám
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S'íwes 3: Álthel 1
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ste'ómex
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S'íwes 4: Ste'ómex 1
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S'íwes 5: Schákwel 1
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S'íwes 6: Ts'elhxwélmexw 1
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S'íwes 7: Ts'elhxélmexw 2
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S'íwes 8: Schákwel
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S'íwes 9: Shxwlí 1
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S'íwes 10: Ómex
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S'iwes 11: S'álhtel 2
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S'iwes 12: Kwix̲mel 1
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S'íwes 13: Shxwlí
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S'íwes 14: Skwúláwt/ Syó:ysáwtxw
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S'íwes 15: Sqoqó
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S'íwes 16: Selxwíws
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S'íwes 17: Shxwéyelh qas te sq'óleq'ey
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S'íwes 18: Shxweláli líte séti
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S'íwes 19: Smestiyexw Stetómex 2
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S'íwes 20: Seswayel
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S'íwes 21: Á'lhtel (líte letám)
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S'íwes 22: Sméyeth 1
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S'íwes 23: Sméyeth 2
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S'íwes 24: Swáyel
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S'íwes 25
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S'íwes 26: Alétse?
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S'íwes 27: X̲ta 3
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S'íwes 28: Ts'elhxwélmexw 3
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S'íwes 29: Á:wkw' 1
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S'íwes 30: Á:wkw' 2
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S'íwes 31: Selchí:m 2?
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S'íwes 32: Lí te Shxwimá:le
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S'íwes 33: Á:lhtel 3
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S'íwes 34: X̲tá 4
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S'íwes 35: Selchí:m? 3
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S'íwes 36: Sméyeth 3
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S'íwes 37: Mestíyexw
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S'íwes 38: Sts'ísem
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S'íwes 39: Selchí:m?
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S'íwes 40: Syóys
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S'íwes 41: Shxwli 3
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S'íwes 42: X̲tá 5
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S'íwes 43: Lá:lem 1
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S'íwes 44: Lá:lem 2
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S'íwes 45: Syóys lite lálem
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Qwú:lqwelqweltel 4A

A
El stl'í te léxwtels tl' Máli. Alétse?
I need Mary's blanket. Where is it?
B
Lí ta' ítetáwt.
It's in your bedroom.
A
Éy. Látselcha kwú:t.
Good. I'm going to go get it.
B
Achxwu ma kwú:t tel shxwtóle'ólestel? Sp'lhíq' te skwechóstel.
Could you get my glasses? They're beside the window.

Qwú:lqwelqweltel 4B

A
El stl'í kw'e shxwep'életstel. Alétse?
I need some toilet paper. Where is it?
B
Slíw lí te híkw kw'óxwe lí te ítetáwts tl' Máli.
It's in that big box in Mary's bedroom.
A
Éy. Látselcha kwú:t te shxwep'életstel.
Good. I'm going to go get the toilet paper.
B
We is iyólem kwút te kopús tl' Máli? Síq te shxwe'áxeths.
Can you get Mary's coat? It's under her bed.

Audio Halq'eméylem English
ólu too much, overly, too
axwí:l small, little, a little bit
swí:qe man, male (creature or plant)
kw'óxwe box, chest
shxwe'áx̲etháwtxw bedroom
léx̲wtel blanket
iyólem okay, alright
slíw in [used for inside box, object, etc.], inside (a hollow object)
shxwep'életstel toilet paper
híkw big
kwelát get, have, hold
to go
shxwe'áx̲eth bed
slhá:lí woman
sí:wí:qe men, male (creatures or plants)
kw'ólexwe box, chest
kwú:t taking (it)
shxwe'álex̲eth bed
slhellhá:lí women (several)
lam to go
hálem be going, be on one's way
shxwe'álexáwt bedroom

Audio Halq'eméylem English
Achxwu ma kwú:t... could you get...
We is iyólem… could, would it be okay if…
Li te shxwe'áxetháwt tel kopú. My coat is in the bedroom.
Li te shxwe'áxetháwt te kopús. His/her coat is in the bedroom.
Li te shxwe'áxetháwt te kopús tl' Máli. Mary's coat is in the bedroom.
Síq li te shxwe'áxeth te kopús. His/her coat is under the bed.
Stl'epólwelh lí te léxwtels te híkw kopús tl' Máli. Mary's big coat is under the blanket.
Síq lí te shxwe'áxeths te kopús tl' Chól. John's coat is under his bed.

Proper Names as Possessors

When the possessor is a proper name like John or Mary, you use a special word tl' before the name. 


Examples:

te lá:lém - the house

te lá:léms tl' Chól - John's house 

te lá:léms tl' Máli - Mary's house


The word tl' is used only before proper names, and only in certain constructions, including this possessive construction. Note that in many other simple sentences in Halq'eméylem, instead of tl' you will see te and the before proper names


Examples:

Ímex te Chól. - John walks.

Ímex the Máli. - Mary walks.

Regular (Common) Nouns as Possessors

To talk about the man's N (where N stands for any noun) in Halq'eméylem, you add the usual -s ending onto the noun, and the possessor follows. 


For example (swíyeqe meaning man and slhá:lí meaning woman):

te lá:lém - the house

te lá:léms te swíyeqe - the man's house

te lá:léms the slhá:lí - the woman's house

The Halq'eméylem language, including all of its varieties or (what is the same thing) dialects, is part of a much larger set of historically related languages. This historically related group is called the Salish 'family' of languages.  


There are a total of twenty-three languages in the Salish family, spoken in Southern B.C. and extending south into Washington state and Montana.  Each language in the family is distinct in the sense that it cannot be understood by speakers of the other languages; however, the languages also share a number of similar features:  many vocabulary items in the languages in the family are recognizably related, the sound systems are very similar, and the grammars of the languages, though different, also share many similarities.  Linguists who study historical patterns in language generally agree that all of the modern Salish languages are probably descended from an ancient common Salish language, spoken in the area many thousands of years ago. 



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